Sant'Elena con in mano la croce - Santa Croce in Gerusalemme, Roma
"Saint Helena holding the cross - Santa Croce in Gerusalemme, Rome"...
The Basilica of the Holy Cross in Jerusalem is located in Rome, in the Esquilino quarter, close to the Aurelian Walls and the Castrense Amphitheatre, between the Basilica of St. John Lateran and Porta Maggiore. The Basilica of the Holy Cross is part of the route of the “Seven Churches” that ancient pilgrims used to visit on foot. Several sources, including an inscription in the church, verify that the Sessorian Palace was owned by the empress St. Helen (c.255-330), Constantine's mother. From the end of the 4th century, it was said that St. Helen had made a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, during which she discovered the True Cross on which Christ was crucified and many other relics. It was also said that she wished to set up a shrine in Rome for pilgrims who could not travel to Jerusalem. The first room of the chapel has a Roman-era statue of St. Helen holding the cross. Beneath the statue is a floor believed to contain soil from the Holy Land. Under the protective glass covering the soil are many paper prayers from the faithful. Fragments of the cross were circulating in the West by 348 AD. The earliest historical record of the church, dated to 501 AD, refers to it as "Hierusalem basilica Sessoriani palatii." Architecturally, it is notable that the 4th-century Chapel of St. Helen is quite similar in design to a martyrium that was erected by Constantine in Jerusalem to house a fragment of the True Cross. In 1492, a dramatic discovery was made in the course of repairs to a mosaic: a brick inscribed with the words TITULUS CRUCIS (Title of the Cross). Sealed behind the brick was a fragment of an inscription in wood, with the word "Nazarene" written in Hebrew, Latin, and Greek. The Title is mentioned in all four Gospel accounts. This was our first stop on our Pilgrimage of 2019 in Italy. A very propitious, historical, and spiritual beginning to a monumental journey in The Eternal City.
- Dino Carbetta
- Image Size
- 4912x7360 / 206.9MB
italy, spiral, architecture, clouds, drama, gondola, dramatic, heavenly, heaven, buildings, flowers, villa, culture, antiquity, fine art, artistic, landscape, ancient, old, rome, roman, middle ages, cityscape, basilica, church pantheon, chiesa, duomo, vertical, horizontal, color, age, colour, archway, arch, pieta, cathedral, obelisk, tree, cross, crucifix, water, santa croce, colosseum, stairs, staircase, santa maria, mary, jesus, mural, atrium, fountain, christ, cristo, lord, savior, indulgence, mother mary, blue, evening crepuscolo, sera, mosaic, vista, panorama, pano, mosaico, fresco, rain, rainy, wet, acqua, angel, piccolo, little angels, archangel, oculus, bell, tower, campanile, bernini, fontana, angelo, rotunda, heaven, skies, sky, rooftop, doppio, arcobaleno, dio, risplende, god, dome, vatican, vaticano, beautiful, bellissimo, bello, fiori, museum, azure, blue, azzuri, rocks, stones, boulders, sun, sunlight, dusk, dawn, evening, grandeur, wine, vino, window, door, waterway, gladiator, faith, madonna, boats, piazza, fishing, seafood, Sant'Angelo, dino, carbetta, italian, fine, art, photography
- Contained in galleries
- Dino's 2019 Pellegrinaggio, Portafoglio (Portfolio)